Terms of Use

CAREFULLY READ THESE TERMS OF USE AND OUR PRIVACY POLICY BEFORE USING THIS WEBSITE AND ANY RELATED OR LINKED WEBSITES.

These terms of use ("Terms of Use") govern your use of this website (the "Website") and your access from it to any related or linked websites. It is important that you read these Terms of Use and the privacy policy that governs the Website (the "Privacy Policy") before you use the Website or supply any personal data through it. In the event that the Website shall, now or in the future, permit the purchase or license by you of goods or services, you must also read any additional terms of purchase or licensure that we may post on the Website.

YOUR USE OF THE WEBSITE INDICATES YOUR ACCEPTANCE OF THESE TERMS OF USE AND YOUR ACKNOWLEDGEMENT THAT THE INFORMATION YOU PROVIDE EITHER DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY THROUGH THE WEBSITE WILL BE MANAGED IN ACCORDANCE WITH OUR PRIVACY POLICY.

IF YOU DO NOT ACCEPT THESE TERMS OF USE, YOU MAY NOT ACCESS OR USE THE WEBSITE, PLEASE EXIT THE WEBSITE AT THIS TIME.

These Terms of Use were last updated in June 2011.

User Eligibility

The Website is available worldwide. We may from time to time provide different versions of the Website, in different languages, intended for use in different countries and territories. The Website may be operated from various locations both within and outside the United States. The Website may only be accessed and used by those individuals (each a "User") who agree to be bound by these Terms of Use, and who are accessing and using the Website from locations in which that access and use, and any features, functions, services or products discussed, referenced, provided or offered through or on the Website (the "Available Features") are not prohibited by applicable law. Access to the Website and Available Features may be inappropriate, prohibited or restricted in certain countries. If you access or use the Website from such countries, you do so at your own risk and you are responsible for complying with the laws and regulations of the country or territory from which you access or use the Website.

Changes to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy

We reserve the right, in our sole discretion, to revise, change or modify these Terms of Use at any time by posting the revision on the Website and by indicating the date of the most recent revision. Your continued use of the Website following any such revision will signify your acceptance of that revision.

Ownership and Permitted Use of Content

Except for materials in the public domain, we, our licensors or other third parties own all Website content, including, without limitation, all text, Available Features, trademarks, music, artwork, computer code, look and feel, trade dress, technical information and advertisements appearing on the Website or otherwise making up the Website (collectively, the "Content"). The Content is protected under national copyright laws and by international treaties. Any unauthorized use by you of any Content may subject you to civil or criminal penalties. The ownership of each item of Content is retained at all times by its respective owner.

Academic Users

If you are a member, student, researcher of an academic institution having entered into a license agreement with us, or any other contractor of your academic institution or if you are authorized by your institution to access the Website you may, solely for educational, personal, scientific or research purposes, access, browse, view, collate, display, search and retrieve the Content. You may also download, store on a hard drive or removable media drive, print and copy in paper and digital form single articles, chapters or other individual items of the Content. You may further use single articles, chapters or other individual items of the Content for the preparation of academic course materials with all rights notices duly presented. However, you may not upload, distribute, publicly display or otherwise use Content unless as expressly permitted above.

Corporate Users

If you are a member of your corporate company's research or development team or any other employee of your corporate company having entered into a license agreement with us, you may store and provide print or electronic copies of individual chapters or other parts of the Content, to national or international regulatory authorities for the purposes of or in anticipation of regulatory approval, patent and/or trademark applications or other regulatory purposes in respect of Licensee's products or services; supply print or electronic copies of individual items or other parts of the Content when required by law for use in legal proceedings; reactively supply single print or electronic copies of individual items or other parts of the Content to individual third parties upon request for medical information purposes. Copies supplied under this clause must carry without modification copyright notices or other notices related to Intellectual Property.

All Users

Certain restrictions and conditions, including, without limitation, associated Product Use Rules (defined below) may apply to download. You are permitted to use those downloadable items of Content only as provided by these Items of Use and any applicable Product Use Rules. For the purposes of these Terms of Use, "Product Use Rules" shall mean the permissions established by us or our licensors for Content by which that Content may be used by others. The Product Use Rules applicable to any item of Content offered through the Website may be read by clicking on the link labeled "Product Use Rules" on the Website containing or relating to the particular item of Content or where that item of Content is available for download, purchase or license. Product Use Rules may be enforced by DRM technology. You may not remove, obscure or otherwise deface proprietary notices appearing on any item of Content, including copyright, trademark and other intellectual-property notices.

All rights to the Content not expressly granted in these Terms of Use are retained by us and our licensors.

Do not provide anyone else with the log-in information associated with any subscription or registration related to this Website.

If you suspect someone is accessing or using your subscription or registration without your permission, or if you need to change your password or information you provided to us, please click on the applicable link provided for that purpose and follow the instructions provided.

Information You Provide and Submissions

Our Privacy Policy, which is incorporated into these Terms of Use by reference, governs the collection and use of information gathered on or through the Website, including, without limitation, the personal information provided by Users.

You are entirely responsible for any Content that you provide to or otherwise make available on or through the Website (your "Submissions"). Examples of Submissions include your "comments", "chat" text and blog text, if commenting, chat and blogging functions are allowed by the Website. By making a Submission to the Website, you thereby grant us a worldwide, non-exclusive, royalty-free, perpetual license to reproduce, modify, adapt, publish, publicly perform and display, distribute and otherwise use your Submission, with or without attribution to you or any other party (the "Submission License"). You acknowledge and agree that your Submissions shall not be considered confidential, proprietary or personal to you or anyone else and may be disseminated or used by use for any purpose, without compensation to you or anyone else or acknowledgement of the source.

Accordingly, please do not send us any ideas, materials, suggestions or other information you would like to keep confidential or for which you would like or expect acknowledgement or compensation.

By making a Submission, you represent and warrant that, (a) you own all right, title and interest in your Submission, or you have the necessary approvals and permissions to grant us a Submission License, (b) your Submission, and the exercise by us of our rights under the Submission License for it, does not violate any applicable law, contract rights or other rights of others, including, without limitation, any trade secret, copyright, publicity or privacy right, and (c) your Submission does not contain software viruses, spiders, spybots, commercial solicitation, chain letters, mass mailings, or any form of spam or other damaging, disruptive or unauthorized programming.

In addition, a Submission shall not do any of the following or provide a link or reference to Content that does any of the following:

  • Promote hatred, racism, bigotry, physical violence or emotional abuse against any individual or group.
  • Contain unlawful, threatening, defamatory, obscene, libelous or otherwise offensive material.
  • Misrepresent your identity or affiliation or connection with a person or entity seek to disguise the origin of any Submission.
  • Imply or state that we or any party linking through the Website endorse the Submission or is in any way associated with it.
  • Contain any false, misleading, deceptive, sexually suggestive, abusive or harassing Content.
  • Contain photographs or words depicting objectionable subject matter, including, without limitation, excessive violence, obscenity or harassing Content.
  • Contain any information or computer code that is intended to, or is likely to, damage, interfere with, alter, intercept or expropriate any data or system, such as Trojan horses, worms, time bombs, cancelbots and other unauthorized computer programming routines.
  • Contain advertising or solicitation of any kind other than as expressly permitted by these Terms of Use.

We do not guarantee your Submissions will not be lost or damaged or that you will be able to retrieve your Submissions or recover any other data transmitted to us through the Website or any site linked to it. We reserve the right, but do not have the responsibility, to monitor and remove any Submission, at any time and without notice, in our sole discretion.

Participating in the Website

At all times while visiting the Website and participating in, accessing and using any Available Features, you must conduct yourself in a polite, courteous and respectful manner, and you must comply with all applicable laws.

For example, you may not, while Using the Website:

  • Request, attempt to obtain or store, personal information, passwords or other information of other Users.
  • Access or use another person's subscription or registration.
  • Alter, modify, frame or "mirror" any Content not supplied by you.
  • Create a deep-link to the Website or any linked site by bypassing the applicable home page.
  • Inhibit, disrupt or otherwise prevent anyone from using or accessing the Website or any linked site or interrupt any User's experience on the Website or any linked site, including, without limitation, acting in any manner that disrupts Users' real-time exchanges or hacking or defacing any portion of the Website or any linked site.
  • Interfere with or disrupt the Website or any linked site or servers or network connections to any of them.
  • Disobey any requirements, procedures, policies or regulations of networks connected to the Website or any linked site.
  • Modify, adapt, sublicense, translate, sell, reverse engineer, decompile or disassemble any portion of the Website or any linked site.
  • Attempt to gain unauthorized access to the Website or any linked site or any portion of them, any Available Feature, any other systems or networks connected to the Website, any linked site or any server related to them.
  • Use the Website intentionally or unintentionally to violate any applicable local, state, national or international law or regulation.

Content on the Website

We do not independently verify any Submissions or any Content provided by third parties (collectively, "Content Providers") having an agreement with us to provide Content to the Website. We take reasonable efforts to determine that any Content that we provide is accurate and timely; however, we do not guarantee or warrant any Content provided by us or any Content Provider is accurate, complete, truthful, or non-objectionable. We do not endorse any Submissions made by Users or Content provided by Content Providers, and all opinions expressed in any such Submissions and Content are exclusively those of the respective supplier.

We reserve the right, at any time and in our sole discretion, to remove any Content from the Website without notice.

Please keep in mind when using the Website that it is possible that other Users may remain largely anonymous when using the Website, be other than who or what they claim they are, and have dishonest, deceitful or harmful intentions. In the event that the Website or linked site should at any time include an Available Feature permitting communication between other Users and you, you should exercise discretion and skepticism when evaluating Content and interacting with those Users. You should never provide personal or sensitive information about yourself or any other person except as specifically requested by us as the use of any Available Feature.

System Requirements and Accuracy

The speed of information transmission, the accuracy of shape, color and sound reproduction and the quality and legibility of graphics and text are highly dependent on equipment and systems technology. Your ability to use Content will therefore depend, in part, on technical capabilities such as the speed of Internet access and the hardware and software accessing the Content. Consequently, we do not guarantee that any item of Content will remain accurate or accurately depicted to you. Please note that we may, at any time, change Content, which could alter systems requirements and affect accuracy — depending on your hardware, systems configuration and means of access, among other technical factors. We do not guarantee that you will have access, at any time, to the Website, to any linked site or any Available Features. Any products or services depicted or referenced on the Website or linked sites are available only while supplies last or the offer remains in effect, as the case may be; the timing of any discontinuance of any such offer and the supply of products may be beyond our control, or we may elect, without notice, for any reason, to discontinue the offer or the supply. We also reserve the right to discontinue any Available Features at any time, without notice. You agree that the technical information, opinions, recommendations and other information made available to you on the Website or any linked site, are provided for your convenience only and shall not be relied upon as substitutes for thorough consultation with appropriately trained professionals.

General Practices Regarding Use and Storage

We reserve the right to establish general practices and limits concerning use of, and storage space on, our servers and those of hosting parties and others associated with the Website and any linked sites.

Links

Access to linked sites is at your own risk. Linked sites may not be available at all times and may contain Content that is untrue, offensive, inaccurate, incomplete, or outdated. We do not endorse or provide warranties of any kind as to any linked sites or any other sites to which they may link. You should review all websites closely before submitting information or allowing minors to visit them.

Disclaimer

THE WEBSITE, ITS CONTENT AND THE CONTENT OF ANY LINKED SITES ARE PROVIDED "AS IS" AND "AS AVAILABLE." WE EXPRESSLY DISCLAIM ALL EXPRESS AND IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT.

YOU ASSUME TOTAL RESPONSIBILITY AND RISK FOR YOUR USE OF THE WEBSITE AND ANY LINKED SITE SHALL BE SO OBTAINED AT YOUR OWN DISCRETION AND RISK. WE SHALL NOT BE RESPONSIBLE FOR ANY DAMAGE TO YOUR COMPUTER SYSTEM OR LOSS OF DATA THAT RESULT FROM OBTAINING ANY CONTENT FROM THE WEBSITE OR ANY LINKED SITE.

WITHOUT LIMITATION TO ANY OF THE FOREGOING, WE MAKE NO WARRANTY THAT (A) THERE WILL BE NO INTERFERENCE WITH YOUR ENJOYMENT OF THE WEBSITE; (B) THE WEBSITE WILL FULFILL ANY PARTICULAR PURPOSE, NEED, REQUIREMENT OR SPECIFICATION OR IS COMPLETE, RELIABLE OR ACCURATE; (C) YOUR REQUEST TO THE WEBSITE WILL BE HONORED ACCORDING TO YOUR SCHEDULE; (D) THE WEBSITE WILL BE TIMELY, SECURE OR ERROR FREE; (E) ANY ERRORS IN CONTENT WILL BE CORRECTED; (F) CONTENT ON THE WEBSITE IS LAWFUL, APPROPRIATE OR AVAILABLE FOR USE IN ANY PERTICULAR LOCATION; OR (G) PRODUCTS OR SERVICES DISPLAYED OR REFERENCED ON THE WEBSITE ARE AVAILABLE FOR USE IN A PARTICULAR LOCATION.

YOUR SOLE REMEDY AGAINST US FOR YOU DISSATISFACTION WITH THE WEBSITE IS TO STOP USING THE WEBSITE OR CONTENT WITH WHICH YOU ARE DISSATISFIED.

Limitation of Liability

WE SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, INDIRECT, SPECIAL, LOST PROFITS OR PUNITIVE DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF YOUR ACCESS TO THE WEBSITE OR USE OF IT, EVEN IF WE SHALL HAVE BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF THOSE DAMAGES.

Indemnification

You agree to defend, indemnify and hold us harmless, as well as our officers, directors, affiliates, successors in interest, shareholders, employees and agents for all claims against any of them that may that arise from, or are related to, your use of the Website and linked sites. Reporting Violations of these Terms of Use

If you became aware of activities or Content that violates these Terms of Use, please immediately notify us by any of the methods set forth below. Although we do not guarantee any action based on that information, we will make reasonable efforts to respond in a fair and timely manner to reported violations.

Termination

We may, in our sole discretion, at any time and without prior notice, terminate your use of the Website or terminate your rights under these Terms of Use for any or no reason. In our sole discretion, and at any time, we may also discontinue providing the Website or any one or part of it, with or without notice.

We reserve the right to terminate or suspend access to anyone for any reason at any time for any or no reason. You should therefore keep copies and records of any Content you may wish to access if your account is terminated. Without limitation to the foregoing, we reserve the right to deny any User access to the Website and to terminate any subscription or registration and delete the profile corresponding to that subscription and registration (and any accompanying Content), at any time, if we believe that the Subscriber or Registrant is less than thirteen years of age or the Subscriber or Registrant otherwise fails to abide by these Terms of Use or applicable law.

Miscellaneous

To the fullest extent permitted by law, these Terms of Use and any claim or dispute arising out of or relating to these Terms of Use, including, without limitation, the Website, will be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of Germany without regard to its choice of law principles. We shall not be liable to you or any third party for any of the foregoing.

Except as otherwise prohibited by law, any claim or dispute must be brought within one (1) year from the date the cause of action shall arise. As far as permissible under applicable laws, any claim or dispute arising out of or relating to these Terms of Use, including but not limited to the Websites, shall be subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of Germany, and you hereby consent and submit to the personal jurisdiction of those courts. You may not use or export or re-export the materials at the Website or any copy or adaptation in violation of any applicable laws or regulations including without limitation applicable export laws. If any provision of these Terms of Use is held to be unlawful, void, or for any reason unenforceable, that provision will be deemed severable and will not affect the validity and enforceability of the remaining provisions. These Terms of Use constitute the entire agreement between you and us relating to your use of the Website, superseding any other agreement between you and us with respect to the subject matter of these Terms of Use. Section headings in these Terms of Use are for convenience only and have no legal or contractual effect. If any provision of these Terms of Use shall be found to be unenforceable, the other provisions shall still remain in full force and effect.

Contact Us

For all issues or questions please use the following contact information:

In the Americas
Springer Science+Business Media
Attention: SpringerReference Product Management
233 Spring St.
New York, NY 10013-1578
USA
E-Mail: info@SpringerReference.com

All Other Countries
Springer-Verlag GmbH
Attention: SpringerReference Product Management
Tiergartenstr. 17
69121 Heidelberg
Germany
E-Mail: info@SpringerReference.com